While theories of economic growth emphasize the importance of agglomeration and proximity in innovation and knowledge transfer, empirical evidence on the expected role of agglomeration in innovation activities in China are rare. Focusing on China’s Electronic Information (EI) industry, this study applies spatial analysis methods to explore the spatial clustering of EI manufacturing and service industry and innovation intensity and their correlations among Chinese cities. We choose the 76 prefectural-level or above cities in the 5 coastal metropolitan regions, including: the Pearl River Delta (PRD) Region, the Haixi (i.e. West Coast of Taiwan Strait) Region, the Yangtze River Delta (YRD) Region, the Shandong Peninsula Region, and the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (Capital Economic Zone, CEZ) Region. The results indicate a discrepancy between western literature and Chinese experience: the positive relationship between industrial clustering and innovation intensity varies among cities of different geographic locations and sizes. These findings imply that different strategies and initiatives may be adopted by different cities in China to improve their innovation performance in the EI sector.
About the Speaker
Hou, Yuting is currently a Research Fellow with the Lee Kuan Yew Centre for Innovative Cities, Singapore University of Technology and Design (SUTD). She received her Master’s in Human Geography from Peking University (CHINA) and PhD in Policy, Planning, and Development from University of Southern California (USA). Her research interests focus on four areas: Links between Transportation and Land Use/Urban Form; Transportation Planning and Policy (e.g., active mobility with relation to health issues; the economic impacts of transportation infrastructure; the application of real-time data in travel analysis); Urban and Regional Economics; GIS/Spatial Analysis. Her current work also relates to better understanding the spatial pattern, determinants and networking of innovation capacities across Chinese cities from different dimensions.
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