A spatial mismatch hypothesis (SMH) by John Kain proposes that spatial segregation of Black population in the inner city and the decentralization of jobs to the suburbs created spatial barriers for accessing jobs. It emphasizes that the geographic disparities in access to opportunities shaped by segregation patterns in the U.S. Metropolitan areas have undergone dynamic changes in the 21st century, reshaping the demographic landscape and economic geography. Black populations have become increasingly suburbanized, urban development has become polycentric, and gentrification has revitalized inner cities. Then, has the suburbanization of Black populations resolved the spatial mismatch by bringing their residential locations closer to jobs in the suburbs? Or, has the suburbanization of Black populations recreate spatial mismatch in the suburbs as a result of suburban re-segregation? This talk will explore the recent intra-metropolitan patterns of spatial mismatch in U.S. Metropolitan areas, in particular that the geography of mismatch has shifted from the inner city to the suburbs.
Dr Eom Hyunjoo is a Visiting Research Fellow in the Lee Kuan Yew Centre for Innovative Cities at the Singapore University of Technology and Design. She received her Ph.D. from University of Maryland at College Park in 2021. Since then, she has been working as a Postdoctoral Researcher at Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology in South Korea. Her interests include the spatial segregation, jobs-housing mismatch, and community development. Currently, she is working on a project that examines the pedestrian safety behaviors using Virtual Reality scenarios with her colleagues at UNIST.
In LKYCIC, she is working closely with Dr Belinda Yuen and her team in conducting research on Cities and Innovation and comparative study of smart cities in different countries, and developing new research projects in Singapore and South Korea.
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