20 August 2020
National Trades Union Congress

PI: Prof Lim Sun Sun (HASS, SUTD)
Co-PI: Dr Samuel Chng (LKYCIC, SUTD)
Team: Dr Wang Yang, Dr Brigid Trenerry (LKYCIC, SUTD)

The research explored how workers might be organised through digital means, beyond the traditional ways of organising workers. We termed this as ‘Digital Organising’. The proliferation of digital tools also signals an opportunity for rethinking existing organising models. Arising from this research, we proposed the 4As Approach to Digital Organising that presents digital organising as four distinct stages: Awareness, Attraction, Association and Action. This framework is a tool for organisers to evaluate their existing organising efforts, identify opportunities for incorporating digital tools for digital organising and develop digital organising goals and strategies.


  • Trenerry, Brigid., Chng, Samuel., Wang, Yang., Lim, Sun Sun. & Oh, Peng Ho. (2022). Mobilising workers via digital means: Reinventing trade unions for the digital age. Singapore Labour Journal, 1, 6-19.
  • Chng, Samuel., Yang, Wang., Trennery, Brigid., Oh, Peng Ho. & Lim, Sun Sun. (2021). Organising workers through digital means. Singapore: National Trades Union Congress.